FMS (Functional Movement Screen Tests): From by Gray Cook and Lee Burton’s FMS:

1) The Active Straight Leg Raise is a simple test that has the patient supine on the ground and identifies active mobility of the flexed hip and  initial and continuous core stability while the opposite hip remains extended and flat on the ground.  Don’t be fooled by the simplicity of this test as it also demonstrates the ability to disassociate the lower extremities while maintaining stability in the pelvis and core.

2) The Deep Overhead Squat Movement Pattern demonstrates fully coordinated ankle, hip and thoracic spine mobility and core stability with the hips and shoulders functioning in symmetrical positions. By the way, this test is critical especially for your golfers!

3) The In-Line Lunge provides a quick appraisal of left and right function in a basic pattern and is intended to place the body in a position that will focus on the stresses as simulated during rotation, deceleration and lateral type movements.  This one is done balancing on a 2x 6 inch board with feet in line and maintaining perfect posture. This test also demonstrates how well and athlete stabilizes during deceleration.

4) The Hurdle Step is designed to challenge the body’s proper stepping and stride mechanics as well as stability and control in single leg stance.  This is really helpful in determining symmetry left and right side while assessing hip mobility and balance.  This test also determines how well we can stabilize during acceleration.

5) The Trunk Stability Push-Up Movement Pattern Test (Core-Reflex Push-up) is used as a basic observation of reflex core stabilization and is not used as a measure of strength since only one repetition is required.  The goal is to initiate movement with the upper extremity without allowing movement of the hips or pelvis.

6) The Shoulder Mobility “Reaching” Movement Pattern Test (Scapular-Stability) test demonstrates the natural complimentary rhythm of the scapular-thoracic region, thoracic spine and rib cage with reciprocal upper extremity shoulder movements. In other words, you are really testing thoracic spine mobility in addition to gleno-humeral  movement and scapular stability.

7) The Rotary Stability is a complex movement requiring proper neuromuscular coordination and energy transfer from one segment of the body to another through the torso.  It has roots in the basic creeping pattern that follows the crawling pattern in the developmental sequence of normal human growth and locomotion. It looks like a birddog, horse stance or whatever you want to call getting on all fours!

As mentioned in the previous posts, the purpose of the FMS is to find the weak links in your patients and alleviate them with specific corrective exercise strategies. When this occurs, the individual or athlete will have greater movement efficiency which will lead to  improved performance and a decrease in injury potential.

~Open Our Minds


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